GHG gases: metrics and objectives

Total GHG emissions
  2017 2018 2019
Waste-to-energy plants (t CO2e) 376,630 412,161 400,531
District heating (t CO2e) 214,215 205,676 201,412
Landfills for municipal waste (t CO2e) 252,429 222,242 224,138
Gas network leaks (t CO2e) 475,110 369,289 455,857
Consumption of methane, diesel fuel, LPG and biogas (t CO2e) 78,128 116,246 208,623
Vehicles (t CO2e) 29,889 29,410 28,788
Direct emissions – Scope 1 (t CO2e) 1,426,401 1,355,024 28,788
Indirect emissions from consumption of electricity (Scope 2 market-based) (t CO2e) 193,746 148,433 94,183
Total of Scopes 1 and 2 (t CO2e) 1,620,147 1,503,457 1,613,532
Sales of natural gas (t CO2e) 5,433,000 5,469,000 4,862,352
Sales of electricity (t CO2e) 4,989,000 4,381,000 4,121,946
Emissions from energy production and consumption (not included in Scope 1 and 2) (t CO2e) 118,000 115,000 432,059
Emissions from services provided (t CO2e) 806,000 777,000 735,990
Total indirect emissions – Scope 3 (t CO2e) 11,346,000 10,741,000 10,152,347
Total emissions – Scopes 1, 2, and 3 (t CO2e) 12,966,147 12,244,457 11,765,879

Fin the “Smart use of energy” chapter.or more details on the composition of the individual items, the trend and the emission factors used, see the “Reduction of GHG emissions” section

Emissions intensity
  2017 2018 2019 2023
Carbon intensity index, by turnover (t CO2e emitted Scopes 1+2/turnover in millions of Euro) 296 245 233
Carbon intensity index, by EBITDA (t CO2e emitted Scopes 1+2/EBITDA in millions of Euro) 1,689 1,458 1,484
Carbon intensity index in energy production (t CO2e from power plants*/MWh produced) 498 482 453 417

*Waste-to-energy plants, district heating, and landfills for municipal waste