million tons of greenhouse gases
of renewable energy produced,
equivalent to the consumption
of 190 thousand families
in the carbon footprint of energy
production compared to 2015,
aiming at -22% by 2021

Spreading renewable energy

Scenario and policies

Why it is important

Fossil fuels are the most used sources for energy production and are also used for transport. They are responsible for 78% of greenhouse gas emissions, as well as being the major cause of air pollution. Despite the increasingly competitive costs for energy production from fossil fuels, renewable energy is spreading in a number of sectors with very satisfying results. The benefits are not only related to environmental impact but also to human health, economy and access to energy. Investing in research on technologies is key to supporting the diffusion of renewables, such as storage systems and smart grids.


of global electricity generation comes from non-renewable sources


of SO2 (sulphur oxide) emissions are related to energy production


dollars invested in fuel fossil projects, which are not in line with international goals


year in which photovoltaic and wind energy will be cheaper than coal in Italy


la riduzione di emissioni di gas serra ottenuta nel 2015 in Europa grazie alle energie rinnovabili


premature deaths/year due to the combustion of hydrocarbons

The new route of renewables in Italy and in Europe

In 2015, Europe was close to the 2020 goals and in Italy the situation was positive. The diffusion of renewables for the production of energy has indeed increased since 2010, especially in the electricity sector which, in 2015, was equal to a third of total production in Italy. Thermal renewables, including heat pumps and biomass representing almost all renewables for heating and cooling, were already in line with the 2020 goals. In the transport sector, in 2015, renewables recorded the highest share since 2010 in final consumption at European level.

However, the 2020 goal for the transport sector, equal to 10% of total renewables, has not yet been achieved.

Production of electricity and thermal energy: Europe close to the 2020 goal, whereas Italy has already reached it

  2015 2020 2030 2050
Europe 16.7% 20% 27% 75%
Italy 17.5% 17% 27% 75%

Electricity produced in Italy: renewables take great steps forwards

Thermal production in Italy: investing in efficient and lower-emission systems

Transport sector: we need to invest more in renewables