Scenario and policies
Why it is important
Fossil fuels are the most used sources for energy production and are also used for transport. They are responsible for 78% of greenhouse gas emissions, as well as being the major cause of air pollution. Despite the increasingly competitive costs for energy production from fossil fuels, renewable energy is spreading in a number of sectors with very satisfying results. The benefits are not only related to environmental impact but also to human health, economy and access to energy. Investing in research on technologies is key to supporting the diffusion of renewables, such as storage systems and smart grids.
of global electricity generation comes from non-renewable sources
of SO2 (sulphur oxide) emissions are related to energy production
dollars invested in fuel fossil projects, which are not in line with international goals
year in which photovoltaic and wind energy will be cheaper than coal in Italy
la riduzione di emissioni di gas serra ottenuta nel 2015 in Europa grazie alle energie rinnovabili
premature deaths/year due to the combustion of hydrocarbons
The new route of renewables in Italy and in Europe
In 2015, Europe was close to the 2020 goals and in Italy the situation was positive. The diffusion of renewables for the production of energy has indeed increased since 2010, especially in the electricity sector which, in 2015, was equal to a third of total production in Italy. Thermal renewables, including heat pumps and biomass representing almost all renewables for heating and cooling, were already in line with the 2020 goals. In the transport sector, in 2015, renewables recorded the highest share since 2010 in final consumption at European level.
However, the 2020 goal for the transport sector, equal to 10% of total renewables, has not yet been achieved.
Production of electricity and thermal energy: Europe close to the 2020 goal, whereas Italy has already reached it