8,120
workers
the induced employment generated
by Hera in 2018
62.4
million euro
for innovation and digitalisation,
22 projects in smart city, circular
economy and data analytics
68%
reused soil
in projects implemented in 2018

Of the Group’s average workers, 96.2% have open-ended contracts.

The slight decrease in the percentage of average open-ended contract workers compared to 2017 is due to the changes in the company scope during the year (as Medea and the waste management services branch of Hera S.p.A. were sold to Alea Ambiente in Forlì) and, above all, to the effects of compensating a large number of people retiring and the need to replace them with temporary workers place on consolidation paths aimed mainly at occupying operational positions in operations.

The total average number of workers was 8,898, of which 8,562 were open-ended employees, 303 were fixed-term employees (3.4%) and 33 were non-hired employees (0.4%), hired with other flexibility instruments (temporary workers and staff leasing contracts). In 2018, the average number of workers with this contract was stable compared to 2017 and decreased by 21.4% compared to 2016.

We hereby reiterate the Group’s will to reduce the use of flexible contracts, applying them only for urgent situations (seasonality, extraordinary and temporary work peaks, substitution of workers who are absent temporarily). However, the employees hired under flexible contracts are given priority for hiring under open-ended contracts.

Over the past three years, overall 767 open-ended contract workers were hired, 418 of which following initial hiring with the Group under a fixed-term contract.

Personnel hired during the year (by position)
Qty 2016 2017 2018
Managers 6 1 1
Middle managers 3 2 2
White-collar workers 142 161 238
Blue-collar workers 75 120 222
Open-ended contract workers 226 284 463
Fixed-term contract workers 250 236 361
Staff leasing contracts (temporary workers) 54 53 25
Job training and entrance contracts 0 0 0
Project based and freelance contract workers 1 0 0
Seasonal workers and apprentices 5 2 5
Non-open-ended contract employees 310 291 391

New employees are generally hired from outside the company for top-ranking professional positions (both specialised and operative), which are difficult to cover with internal personnel. Most of the clerical and operational roles are normally covered by internal personnel.

In 2018, 463 workers were hired under open-ended contracts. In addition, there were 221 consolidations of fixed-term workers.

Over the past three years, overall 973 open-ended contract workers were hired, 483 of which following initial hiring within the Group under fixed-term contracts.

Women hired with open-ended contracts during the year (by position)
Qty 2016 2017 2018
Managers 0 0 0
Middle managers 1 0 0
White-collar workers 64 77 111
Blue-collar workers 0 2 0
Total 65 79 111

In 2018, 111 female workers were hired under open-ended contracts (32 more than in 2017). The percentage of newly-hired female managers, middle managers and employees was 46% of the total number of hires.

Personnel hired with open-ended contract during the year (by age and gender)
Qty 2017 2018
  F M Total F M Total
under 30 years of age 40 71 111 51 97 148
between 30 and 50 years of age 38 112 150 55 220 275
over 50 1 22 23 5 35 40
Open-ended contract workers 79 205 284 111 352 463

Among the hires, 148 were for new, open-ended contract workers under 30 years of age (+37 compared to 2017), 275 between 30 and 50 years (+125 compared to 2017) and 40 over 50 years old (+17 compared to 2017).

Open-ended contract workers leaving, by reason
No. Men Women Total
under 30 years of age 13 2 15
between 30 and 50 years of age 68 24 92
over 50 368 49 417
Total 449 75 524

 

There was a significant increase in 2018 in the number of pensioners and resignations, plus 74 workers who left the Group’s perimeter for the reasons given above.

Workers leaving by age and gender (2018)

Qty

Men

Women

Total

under 30 years of age

13

2

15

between 30 and 50 years of age

68

24

92

over 50

368

49

417

Total

449

75

524

 

In 2018, 524 employment relationships ended, of which 51% were due to retirement.

Turnover rate for workers, by role
% 2016 2017 2018
Managers 5.3% 3.9% 7.1%
Middle managers 2.3% 2.6% 4.3%
White-collar workers 2.6% 3.4% 4.4%
Blue-collar workers 4.6% 4.3% 8.2%
Average 3.4% 3.7% 5.9

 

Turnover rate for workers, by gender
% 2016 2017 2018
Man 3.7% 4.1% 6.8%
Woman 2.3% 2.7% 3.4%
Average 3.4% 3.7% 5.9%

 

Turnover rate for workers, by age
% 2016 2017 2018
under 30 years of age 3.6% 2.5% 4.2%
between 31 and 50 years of age 1.1% 1.6% 2.3%
over 50 5.7% 5.9% 9.6%
Average 3.4% 3.7% 5.9%

 

The turnover rate is calculated by dividing the number of leaving employees during the year by the number of employees at the end of the year: in 2018, it was 5.9%. The category most subject to turnover is the male workforce over 50 years of age, due to the increase in retirements over the past years.