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Environment Glossary

 

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C
  • Calorific value

    Measurement of heat (J/kg) produced by the complete combustion of the unitary mass of a substance.

     
  • Cartridges

    Ink containers for laser or ink-jet printers, photocopiers, computers, etc.

     
  • CDR

    Combustibile Derivato da Rifiuti.
    Waste-derived fuel (WDF): fuel that can be classified on the basis of the technical standards Uni 9903-1 and subsequent amendments and additions is obtained from non-hazardous urban and special waste using treatments aimed at guaranteeing a calorific power suited to its use, and at reducing and controlling: 1) the environmental and health risk; 2) the presence of metallic material, glass, inert material, rot and damp; 3) the presence of hazardous substances, in particular those used for combustion purposes;

     
  • Centrale termoelettrica

    Plant in which the heat generated by the combustion of a mass of fuel (coal, diesel or methane) is transformed, by means of a cycle of thermal treatment, into mechanical energy, which is in turn transformed into electricity through an alternator. The fuel burnt inside the boiler produces the thermal energy that transforms the process water into steam. The latter, which is strongly superheated, drives the blades of the turbine which transforms the potential energy of the steam into mechanical energy; this is transferred to the alternator, which transforms it into electricity.  

     
  • CIP 6

    Ruling no. 6/92 of the CIP (Interministerial Price Committee) concerning incentives for the production of electricity from renewable sources. It determined the tariffs and contributions for the production and sale to ENEL (national electric power utility) of energy from conventional, renewable and assimilated sources.

     
  • Cogeneration

    Plant in which energy is generated by several sources such as, for example electricity (current) and thermal (heat).

     
  • Compost

    Product obtained from the aerobic biological fermentation of organic matter of various kinds and used in agriculture as a soil amender, fertilizer or culture substrate. 

     
  • Composter

    Container in which the packaging process takes place (also called compote jar). It keeps the temperature stead and as it fosters air circulation, it prevents foul odours.

     
  • Composting

    Thermophilic and exothermal dioxidation process to which solid organic matter is subjected under controlled conditions. It takes place in two phases (dioxidation and curing) and produces water, carbon dioxide, heat and compost. 

     
  • Containers bearing skull and crossbones and flame insignias

    They are usually primary packaging (containing the product).

     
 
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