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Environment Glossary

 

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B
  • BAT

    Best Available Technology is the most efficient and advanced industrially available technology which may be applied in technically valid conditions, capable of ensuring a high level of protection of the environment as a whole. It constitutes the baseline used by legislators when setting pollutant emission limits.

     
  • Bioaccumulation

    Increase, in time, of the concentration of a chemical product in a biological organism with respect to the concentration of the chemical product in the environment.

     
  • Biodegradable

    Material subject to decomposition into simple chemical compounds performed by natural biophysical agents (bacteria, sunlight, humidity, etc.).

     
  • Biodiversity

    This means “variety of life” and measures the variety of living organisms. It is commonly used to describe the number, variety and variability of the animal and plant species of our planet.

     
  • Biogas

    Mixture of gases produced by the fermentation of waste by microorganisms under anaerobic conditions. The gases present in the mixture are methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2) and traces of odorigenic sulphates. The methane contained in the biogas may be used as fuel.

     
  • Biostabilizzato

    Product obtained from aerobic, biological fermentation of various kinds of organic matter, through accelerated dioxidation. It is used for special, well-defined applications (environmental restoration, covering of closed landfills, etc.)

     
  • Bulky waste

    Voluminous household waste (old furniture, household appliances, etc.) that cannot be placed in the bin, but have to be taken to the Ecological Stations.

     
 
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