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Regulatory environment

Legislative Decree No. 152 came into effect on 3 April 2006, in a bid to consolidate legislation on the environment and water into a single regulatory instrument. The decree transposes European Directive 2008/98/EC and continues the process begun by Legislative Decree No. 22 of 5 February 1997 (the “Ronchi Decree”) by making a series of changes, most of them small. Those that concern the operational dynamics of the Hera Group can be found in Title IV.
In terms of waste management, the new decree confirms the EU waste hierarchy, giving priority to reduced waste production (and less hazardous waste), materials and energy recovery, and lastly waste disposal.
The other two sources of environmental legislation in Italy are Legislative Decree No. 151/2005, which transposes certain European directives and contains the reference legislation for waste electrical and electronic equipment, and Legislative Decree No. 188/2008, which, transposing another European Directive, regulates the disposal of batteries and accumulators.
In these areas, the company has always supported policies to promote reuse before the product becomes waste, encouraging this practice with various initiatives. The Hera Group also operates through an integrated system of waste recovery and disposal, meeting the needs of the local area by managing both urban waste and commercial waste.
One of the unique features of the way in which the Hera Group operates is the fact that it is situated in a homogeneous area; by operating mostly within a neighbouring geographical area, it can easily align its environmental policies not only with EU and national laws, but with local regulations.
On 1 January 2012, following the enactment of Regional Law No. 23/2011, the regional environmental boards previously established with Regional Law No. 25/1999 were abolished and replaced, in all legal respects, by the Agenzia territoriale dell'Emilia-Romagna per i servizi idrici e rifiuti (ATERSIR), with which the company is in constant communication to coordinate environmental policies according to the regulatory requirements.
In line with these regulations, the Hera Group directly coordinates and/or manages a whole range of environmental services, from cleaning public areas to waste collection and transportation, recovery and disposal.
In terms of recovery operations, these are governed, on a transitional basis, by rules implementing Decree No. 22/1997, pending the issue of the technical standards referred to in Legislative Decree No. 152/2006.
With regard to disposal plants in the strict sense, the following should be mentioned:

a) for landfills, Legislative Decree No. 36 of 13 January 2003, which regulates the design and operating criteria of these through the enactment of technical provisions;

b) for waste-to-energy plants, Legislative Decree No. 133 of 11 May 2005, which defines the criteria and general technical standards concerning the structural and functional characteristics, as well as the operating conditions, of waste incineration and co-incineration plants, with particular reference to the need to ensure a high level of environmental protection against emissions resulting from the incineration and co-incineration of waste.

The company's activities are also concerned by the guidelines for the identification and use of best available techniques in the field of waste management, referred to in Legislative Decree No. 59 of 18 February 2005 and implemented by Decree of the Ministry of the Environment of 29 January 2007. The guidelines cover various types of plants (incineration, chemical-physical treatment of liquid and solid waste, sorting, treatment of waste electrical and electronic equipment and PCBs, etc.), in order to reduce air pollution.
The company is fully equipped (organised) for billing and charging with reference to local and national taxes in order to support local authorities where required.


Page updated 8 August 2019

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