separate waste collection
in an area with 3.3 million
of recovered waste
the share of separate waste
collected, in favour of a circular
tons of recycled plastic
produced by Aliplast

Sustainable management of water resources

Scenario and policies

Why it is important

The increase in water consumption, pollution, the loss of habitats and climate change endanger freshwater reserves and compromise natural ecosystems, with negative consequences for human health and safety. Drought is the cause of migrations and armed conflicts, with economic and social repercussions not only in directly affected countries. Excessive water use is a threat to energy and food industries. Investing in sustainable water management reduces risks and is evermore an essential condition for protecting life on Earth and for lasting growth.


of the global population suffers from water shortage


conflicts in 2017 related to the use of water


infringement procedures for Italy initiated by the EU for waste water treatment delays


growth in global demand for freshwater expected between 2010 and 2050


of freshwater biodiversity decreased between 1970 and 2012 due to pollution, exploitation and alteration of water bodies


Italian regions that were prepared in August 2017 to request recognition of a natural disaster due to drought

Water, a precious resource that we must protect

In Europe, widespread pollution, mainly of agricultural origin, significantly affects 90% of river basin districts, 50% of surface water bodies and 33% of groundwater bodies. In Italy, “high” and “good” class waters monitored for their ecological status and chemical status reached 25% and 18% of the total, respectively. The goal for 2025 is to bring water ecosystems to “good” status.
Despite the progress made in recent years, wastewater treatment in several Italian regions is showing compliance delays. Given the risk of drought and water pollution, it is increasingly important to preserve water and limit its waste.

In 2015, 38.2% of the water fed into the distribution networks was lost.

Wastewater treatment: Italy's delay with respect to the percentage of treated wastewater still evident

Water lost in Italy could meet the needs of 10.4 million people