Scenario and policies
Why it is important
The increase in water consumption, pollution, the loss of habitats and climate change endanger freshwater reserves and compromise natural ecosystems, with negative consequences for human health and safety. Drought is the cause of migrations and armed conflicts, with economic and social repercussions not only in directly affected countries. Excessive water use is a threat to energy and food industries. Investing in sustainable water management reduces risks and is evermore an essential condition for protecting life on Earth and for lasting growth.
of the global population suffers from water shortage
conflicts in 2017 related to the use of water
infringement procedures for Italy initiated by the EU for waste water treatment delays
growth in global demand for freshwater expected between 2010 and 2050
of freshwater biodiversity decreased between 1970 and 2012 due to pollution, exploitation and alteration of water bodies
Italian regions that were prepared in August 2017 to request recognition of a natural disaster due to drought
Water, a precious resource that we must protect
In Europe, widespread pollution, mainly of agricultural origin, significantly affects 90% of river basin districts, 50% of surface water bodies and 33% of groundwater bodies. In Italy, “high” and “good” class waters monitored for their ecological status and chemical status reached 25% and 18% of the total, respectively. The goal for 2025 is to bring water ecosystems to “good” status.
Despite the progress made in recent years, wastewater treatment in several Italian regions is showing compliance delays. Given the risk of drought and water pollution, it is increasingly important to preserve water and limit its waste.
In 2015, 38.2% of the water fed into the distribution networks was lost.